From ants to cockroaches, beetles to spiders, general household pests include various pests which can become problematic in any home or structure. While these pests may be grouped together under pest professional licensing in some states such as General Household Pests or General Pest Control. These pests can be very different such that each pest type may warrant a suitably separate discussion such that adequate information may be presented about each.
Ants: Ants are the most common pest encountered in homes across the United States. There are many ant species yet relatively few are commonly problematic as structural pests. Commonly encountered pest ant species include but may not be limited to Acrobat ants, Argentine ants, Carpenter ants which are capable of causing structural damage, Crazy ants, Ghost ants, Odorous house ants, Pavement ants, Pharaoh ants, Red imported fire ants and others.
Cockroaches: The cockroach has been amongst the most problematic structural pests encountered in the residential and commercial account setting. Cockroaches are considered a public health pest due to their ability to contaminate food, food preparation areas and mechanically transmit disease. The most problematic cockroaches are the German cockroach, American cockroach, Oriental cockroach, Brown banded cockroach and a few other species.
Fleas and Ticks: Fleas and ticks are blood feeders and often considered together as pests which infest household pets. Fleas and ticks are public health pests because they are capable of transmitting diseases, tapeworms and other health related concerns.
Flies: There are many species of flies but few which are considered important pests. Pest flies of concern include filth flies such as house flies, biting flies such as deer and horse flies, fruit flies and mosquitoes which are also types of flies. Flies are public health pests due to their ability to transmit diseases. While immature flies are called maggots, mosquito larvae are known as wigglers. Sanitation and other cultural practices are important factors in a successful fly control program.
Mosquitoes: Mosquitoes are a type of fly. They are the world’s deadliest insect due to their ability to transmit deadly diseases including malaria, encephalitis, heartworm and others. Here in the United States the incidence of life threatening mosquito borne diseases is not as significant as it is in other countries. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in aquatic areas where their larvae develop. Mosquito control programs commonly target breeding areas and include aquatic treatments.
Pantry Pests: As the name suggests, pantry pests occur in stored foods. Whole grain, cereals, dried fruits, nuts, and other such foodstuffs may be infested and fed upon by these pests. Pantry pests include cigarette beetles, drug store beetles, grain weevils, Indian meal moths, rice weevils, saw toothed grain beetles and others. Pantry pests may cross infest stored food products by entering packages of various foods stored near the originally infested package. Successful control of pantry pests may be achieved by removal of the infested package.
Occasional Invaders: Occasional invader type pests are usually those which enter a structure from the exterior. Such pests include crickets, millipedes, centipedes, earwigs, sow bugs, pill bugs and others. Occasional invader type pests are usually best controlled at the exterior. These pests can be prevented and/or reduced through caulking, sealing and repairs of potential entry points.
Spiders: While spiders are considered beneficial creatures because they prey upon pests, some spiders, such as black widow spiders and brown recluse spiders, warrant significant concern due to the venomous bite which may be significantly harmful.